Arunachal Pradesh is the home to a large number of tribes and sub-tribes. It has a rich tradition of craftsmenship, which manifests itself in various arts and crafts produced by these tribes. The Buddhist including Monpas, Sherdukpen, Aka, Bugun et al make beautiful masks, carpets and painted wooden vessels. The Bangis and Apatani make bag, hat, jewellery etc. Khamtis and Wanchos are well known for their wood carving. Pottery of Dafla women is well-known.
Ornaments making is a craft widely practised in Arunachal Pradesh. The work of a silver smith is more intricate and artistic. The first stage in the manufacture of the traditional ornaments he makes, is to make a wax mould of the ornament. This is done by warming the wax sticks or coils and then placing them on the standard moulds made of wax and wood. Where design are essential, they are made with thin wax coils and cut with a knife where necessary.
Weapons are an integral part of the tribal life since the times immemorial. Although certain weapons have become obsolete and replaced by modern weapons yet traditional weapons have a place of their own.
The tribes of Arunachal Pradesh also excel in the art of woodcarvings. The craft has been traditionally practiced for ages by the tribes. You would find some of the most excellent woodcarvings around the Wancho area of the Tirap district. Images of Lord Buddha, animal figurines, warriors and miniature of Morung are the most commonly found woodcarvings.
Bamboo and cane craft
Bamboo and cane are extensively used in Arunachal Pradesh to make handicrafts and household utilities. The Arunachalis are expert craftsmen, who create some of the most exquisite artifacts using cane and bamboo.
Weaving is also a very important industry in the households of Arunachal Pradesh. The Apatanis are the more skilled weavers among all tribes. Fibers made from bark of trees, hairs of goats and humans, besides cotton and wool are used in weaving.
Metal is mostly used by the tribes for making weapons and tools. The Machetes are expert blacksmiths, who make arrowheads, knives, iron bracelets as well as jewellery. Apart from this each tribe specializes in making a few particular products out of metal.
Another area, which finds artistic expression in the life of the Arunachalis, is pottery. Some brilliantly designed products like vessels, vases and earthenwares, which are a collector’s item, can be found in the state of Arunachal Pradesh.
Arunachal Pradesh can be called store House of Handloom designs as its 20 major tribes and more then 100 sub-tribes has got unique and appealing Handloom designs. The products are , Skirt (Gale), Shirt (Galuk) , cotton shawl, side bag, curtain cloth etc, in different pricing pattern according to the quality, traditional value, motive and design.
The carpet making is one of the important occupation in the districts of Tawang, West Kameng, Changlang, Upper Siang. The women folk are engaged in this trade.