The perfect fusion of heritage of her numerous races has made Assam the home of the most colorful festivals which are passionate, compelling and mesmerizing reflecting the true spirit, tradition and lifestlye of the people of Assam.
The major festivals celebrated in Assam are Bihu,, Ali-Ai-Ligang, Baikho, Rongker, Rajini Gabra Harni Gabra, Bohaggiyo Bishu, Ambubashi Mela and Jonbill Mela and so on.
Bihu is the most important festival of Assam. It is celebrated with joy and abundance by all Assamese people irrespective of caste, creed, religion, faith and belief.
Ali-Ai-Ligang, the spring festival of the Mishing Tribe is the most colourful festival held every year on the first Wednesday (Ligange lange) of the month of ‘Ginmur Polo’ (February-March). ‘Ali’ means root, seed; ‘Ai’ means fruit and ‘Ligang’ means sow. That is why ‘ceremonial’ sowing of paddy starts on this day.
The Ambubachi Mela is an annual Hindu mela held at Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati, Assam. This yearly mela is celebrated during the monsoon season that happens to fall during the Assamese monthAhaar, around the middle of June when sun transit to the zodiac of Mithuna, when the Brahmaputra river is in spate.
The Assam Majuli Festival is presumably held during the winter season, in the month of November. This arrangement is made keeping in mind the climate conditions and the road communicating facilities in Majuli.
Jonbeel Mela is a three-day Tiwa community fair held the weekend of Magh Bihu at a historic place known as Dayang Belguri at Joonbeel. It is 5 km from Jagiroad in Morigaon district of Assam and 32 km from Guwahati.
Bwisagu or Baisagu is one of the most popular seasonal festival of the Bodos of Assam. In Assamese language it is called as Bihu. The Bodos call this popular festival as Baisagu, which means the start of the new year.
RONGKER & CHOMANGKAN
Rongker is an annual spring time festival of merriment observed by the Karbis of Assam. It is observed in order to appease the local deities, associated with the welfare of the village and their harvest, and also to get rid of all evil happenings.
Baikho is the ritualistic as well as religious festival. All the villagers take part joyfully in the celebration. During the celebration of Baikho festival, Goddess ‘Baikho’ is worshipped.
The Bohaggiyo Bishu Festival is celebrated in the state of Assam in northeast India. The Bohaggiyo Bishu Festival is the most becharming spring festival of the tribe called Deoris.
RAJNI GABRA & HARNI GABRA
Rajni Gabra is celebrated during the daytime. The ‘Kunang’ or the village headman propitiates family deity by closing the village gate on the puja day. The same night the function called ‘Harni Gabra’ is performed where the presiding deity is worshipped for the protection and welfare of the people.